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This report provides an analysis of the subjective experience of Kala Azar and its treatments based on an observational seven-week study in Bihar, India. Methods of data collection include qualitative interviews and observations. The analysis of data is inspired by a qualitative content analysis and grounded theory.

This study was conducted by Maren Jeleff on behalf of the MSF Vienna Evaluation Unit.

In this report the findings of a research done in Tajikistan between 22nd February and 27th April 2012 are presented. The first part of the research was done in the city of Dushanbe and its surroundings, the second part of the research took place in the rural southern region Khatlon. As MSF was not working in this region at the time, part of the research was facilitated by the national NGO Ghamghori and the local Red Crescent.

by Annemieke Bont

This anthropological report informs on the following themes: - HIV/AIDS activities of local stakeholders (district administration, NGOs, communities, support groups) and assess their ability for decentralizing / taking over some parts of MSF’s activities (as information sharing, drug & condom distribution, tracing and peer counselling) - the role of the IEC team and report their challenges as well as their potential for enhancing its health promotion activities.


Community based perception of HIV and AIDS, Testing, counseling and ARV treatment Shiselweni region, Swaziland

Doris Burtscher, Social and Medical Anthropologist - Velibanti Dlamini, Research assistant

Local perception of Female Genital Cutting in the Salamat region, Am Timan District, Chad

Doris Burtscher, Social and Medical Anthropologist

At a time when the history of our AIDS missions is compelling us to formulate new goals, it seemed appropriate to assemble these historical and anthropological studies of our past experiences. This cahier includes: AIDS: A New Pandemic Leading to New Medical and Political Practices - AIDS: from initiating treatment to fostering patient loyalty - Cultural stereotypes and the health seeking behavior of HIV/AIDS patients in Homa Bay, Kenya - “Social Navigation” and HIV/AIDS.

Joan Amondi, Jean-Hervé Bradol, Vanja Kovacic, Elisabeth Szumilin

The perception of malnutrition and health-seeking-behaviour of the Maithili in Biraul Block, Darbhanga District, Bihar State, India

Doris Burtscher, Social and Medical Anthropologist

Overcome barriers to access PMTCT services in Homa Bay District, Kenya. This study explored barriers that prevent local communities of Homa bay area to fully uptake the PMTCT services. The most critical ones are: i.) poor quality of provision of these services, ii) poor perceived benefits of the ANC among communities, and iii.) poor community awareness on preventive methods of mother-to-child-transmission of HIV.

Vanja Kovacic, Mphil Medical Anthropology

Overcome barriers to access to HIV/AIDS care in Homa Bay District The main focus of this phase was to gain an insight into the motivating factors that enable patients to take HIV test early (before they get seriously sick) and compare their health-seeking behavior to the patients that access HIV care with progressed HIV-related symptoms.

Vanja Kovacic, Mphil Medical Anthropology